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Adhesive types and their applications

An informative guide to all adhesive types and their applications.

Activator (Glue Activator)

Adhesive activation

An activator, also known as a glue activator, is a product used to accelerate the curing or bonding process of adhesives. It is applied to one surface before adhesive application and promotes faster adhesion by initiating the chemical reaction within the adhesive. Activators are commonly used with cyanoacrylate (super glue) adhesives to ensure quick and reliable bonding. They improve the speed of bond formation and enhance bond strength. Activators are particularly useful in applications where rapid adhesion is required, such as in woodworking, model making, or repairs.

Anaerobic Adhesive (Threadlocker)

Instant metal part bonding

Anaerobic adhesives, also known as anaerobic threadlockers, are designed to cure in the absence of air and when confined between metal surfaces. These adhesives remain liquid until isolated from oxygen, allowing them to flow into gaps or threads. Once the adhesive is deprived of oxygen, it initiates a chemical reaction, forming a strong and durable bond. Anaerobic adhesives are commonly used to lock and seal threaded fasteners, preventing loosening due to vibrations or disassembly caused by external forces. They provide excellent resistance to chemicals, heat, and impact, making them suitable for various mechanical and automotive applications.

 

Canister (Canister Adhesive)

Portable spray system

Canister adhesives refer to adhesives that are stored and dispensed from canisters via a spray gun. These canisters are specifically designed where a portable system is best. Canister adhesives provide convenience, efficiency, and precise dispensing, making them suitable for large-scale industrial applications. They are commonly used in construction, woodworking, packaging, or manufacturing processes where a continuous and controlled supply of adhesive is required.

Cleaning Products

Surface preparation

Cleaning products encompass a wide range of substances used for cleaning and preparing surfaces. They are designed to remove dirt, grease, oil, stains, or other contaminants from various surfaces to ensure optimal bonding or sealing conditions. Cleaning products can include solvents, detergents, degreasers, or specialized formulations for specific surfaces or applications. They play a crucial role in surface preparation, enhancing the adhesion and performance of adhesives, sealants, paints, or coatings. Cleaning products are widely used in industries such as automotive, construction, manufacturing, or household applications for maintaining cleanliness and facilitating successful bonding or surface treatment processes.

Contact Adhesive

Large surface bonding

Contact adhesives, also known as contact cement, are adhesives that provide instant and strong bonding properties. These adhesives are applied to both surfaces being joined, left to dry until they are tacky, and then brought into contact, creating an immediate and permanent bond. Contact adhesives offer high bond strength, flexibility, and resistance to heat, moisture, and chemicals. They are commonly used in applications such as woodworking, laminating, or bonding large surface areas, where conventional adhesives may not provide sufficient bond strength or drying time. Contact adhesives are popular in industries such as carpentry, construction, and manufacturing and can be applied by spray or spread application.

Cyanoacrylate Adhesive (Super Glue)

Instant adhesion

Cyanoacrylate adhesives, commonly known as super glue, are fast-setting adhesives that provide instant adhesion. They bond quickly to various materials, including plastics, metals, rubber, and ceramics. Cyanoacrylate adhesives polymerise rapidly when exposed to moisture, forming a strong and durable bond. They offer high bond strength, resistance to temperature extremes, and excellent impact and vibration resistance. Cyanoacrylate adhesives are widely used in general repairs, crafts, model making, electronics, and various other applications where rapid bonding and strong adhesion are required.

EVA Adhesive

Versatile bonding

EVA (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) adhesives are versatile bonding agents that offer good adhesion to various materials. They are commonly used in industries such as footwear manufacturing, packaging, and automotive assembly. EVA adhesives provide strong bonding capabilities, flexibility, and resistance to moisture, heat, and chemicals. They are suitable for bonding porous and non-porous surfaces, making them ideal for applications requiring versatile and reliable adhesive solutions. EVA adhesives are used in a wide range of applications, including shoe making, packaging, laminating, and general assembly processes.

Epoxy Adhesive

High-strength bonding

Epoxy adhesives offer exceptional bonding strength and durability. They are formulated by combining resin and hardener, initiating a chemical reaction resulting in a strong cross-linked polymer network. Epoxy adhesives provide excellent resistance to chemicals, heat, and moisture, making them ideal for various industrial applications, including construction, aerospace, electronics, and composite bonding

Grab Adhesive

High grab flexible bonding

Grab adhesives are designed to provide instant adhesion and high initial tack. These adhesives bond quickly upon contact with surfaces, allowing for immediate load-bearing or assembly. Grab adhesives offer high bond strength, flexibility, and resistance to vibration and impact. They are commonly used in construction, carpentry, and other applications requiring quick and reliable adhesion on various substrates.

Hot Melt Adhesive

Fast bonding

Hot melt adhesives, also known as thermoplastic adhesives, are solid materials that melt and become liquid when heated. They are applied in a molten state and solidify upon cooling, forming a strong bond. Hot melt adhesives offer fast processing, high bond strength, and good heat resistance. They are extensively used in packaging, product assembly, woodworking, and other industries requiring efficient and rapid bonding.

Methyl Methacrylate

Structural bonding

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) adhesives, also known as acrylic adhesives, are versatile structural adhesives offering high strength and durability. They are specifically formulated for bonding various materials, including metals, composites, plastics, and concrete. MMA adhesives exhibit excellent resistance to chemicals, impact, and weathering, making them suitable for applications requiring structural integrity and long-term performance.

Melamine Urea Resin (MUF)

Weatherproof structural bonding

Melamine urea resin adhesives are commonly used in laminate bonding applications. They offer strong bonding capabilities, heat resistance, and moisture resistance, making them suitable for surfaces subject to frequent cleaning or exposure to water. Melamine urea adhesives are widely utilized in the manufacture of furniture, countertops, cabinetry, and decorative laminates for their reliable and durable bonding characteristics.

MS/Hybrid Polymer Adhesive

High performance flexible bonding

MS or hybrid polymer adhesives are versatile bonding solutions capable of adhering to various surfaces, including metals, plastics, glass, wood, and concrete. They offer high bond strength, flexibility, and resistance to weathering, UV radiation, and chemicals. MS polymer adhesives are commonly used in construction, automotive, and marine applications where reliable adhesion, durability, and elasticity are required. They provide excellent sealing and bonding properties on different substrates, making them a valuable adhesive choice for a wide range of projects and repairs.

Polyurethane Adhesive

High performance and versatile bonding

Polyurethane adhesives are flexible and versatile bonding agents. They provide strong bonding capabilities on a wide range of materials, including wood, metal, plastics, and composites. Polyurethane adhesives offer excellent resistance to heat, moisture, and chemicals, making them suitable for indoor and outdoor applications. They are commonly used in construction, automotive, and woodworking industries for bonding, assembling, and sealing tasks that require flexibility, durability, and high bond strength.

Polyurethane Binder Resin

Rubber surface binders

Polyurethane binder resins are used to bind aggregates, such as rubber granules or stone, to create durable and resilient surfaces. These binder resins provide excellent adhesion, flexibility, and resistance to weathering, UV radiation, and chemicals. They are widely used in applications such as playgrounds, sports surfaces, and decorative paving, where a strong bond and long-lasting performance are required. Polyurethane binder resins contribute to the formation of stable, non-slip, and impact-absorbent surfaces, ensuring safety and durability in various outdoor environments.

PVA Wood Glue

Wood bonding

PVA (Polyvinyl acetate) wood glue is a popular adhesive choice for woodworking applications. It offers strong bonding capabilities, easy application, and fast drying times. PVA wood glue provides excellent adhesion to wood and porous materials, making it suitable for joinery, furniture assembly, and general woodworking projects. It dries to a transparent finish, allowing for clean and invisible bonding. PVA wood glue is versatile, easy to use, and widely available, making it a go-to adhesive for both professionals and DIY enthusiasts in the woodworking industry.

Phenol Resorcinol Resin (PRF)

Structural timber bonding

Phenol resorcinol resin adhesives are specifically formulated for structural bonding of timber and wood-based materials. They offer excellent resistance to moisture, heat, and chemicals, ensuring long-term durability and stability. Phenol resorcinol adhesives are commonly used in construction, boat building, and other applications requiring high-strength and reliable bonding of timber and engineered wood products.

Primer

Surface preparation

Primers are coatings applied to surfaces before bonding or painting to enhance adhesion and ensure optimal performance. They improve the substrate’s bonding characteristics, increase surface compatibility, and prevent issues such as corrosion or delamination. Primers play a vital role in promoting strong and durable bonds, particularly when working with challenging materials or surfaces with poor adhesion properties.

Sealants

Flexible seals and bonds

Sealants are materials used to fill gaps, joints, or seams to provide a watertight or airtight seal. They offer excellent adhesion to various substrates, including metals, glass, concrete, and plastics. Sealants prevent water penetration, air leakage, or dust infiltration, ensuring waterproofing, weather resistance, and improved energy efficiency. They are widely used in construction, automotive, and general sealing applications, offering durability, flexibility, and resistance to UV radiation, chemicals, and extreme temperatures.

Spray Adhesive

Fast adhesive application

Spray adhesives are adhesive formulations designed for easy and efficient application using a spray mechanism. They are dispensed as a fine mist, providing even coverage and eliminating the need for manual spreading. Spray adhesives offer fast drying times, strong bonding capabilities, and versatility in bonding various materials, including fabrics, foams, plastics, and paper. They are commonly used in upholstery, crafts, packaging, and other applications where precise and convenient adhesive application is required.

Tackifier

High grab lightweight adhesives

Tackifiers are high tack adhesive systems typically used for lightweight flooring applications where the surface might need to be replaced or taken up in the future. They have a very high sheer strenght, but a poor peel strength, ensuring that the surface is not permanently bonded, but still gives a bond strong enough for practical application.

Tape – Adhesive

Dry bonding solution

Adhesive tapes consist of a flexible backing material coated with an adhesive on one or both sides. They provide a convenient and versatile bonding solution for a wide range of applications. Adhesive tapes offer strong adhesion to various surfaces, ease of use, and clean application. They are used in packaging, mounting, repairs, and many other industries and household applications. Adhesive tapes come in different types, such as double-sided tapes, foam tapes, or masking tapes, each offering specific characteristics to suit specific bonding requirements.

Tape – Grass Seam (Artificial Grass Tape)

Synthetic turf installation

Grass seam tapes, also known as artificial grass tapes, are specialized adhesive tapes used for joining and securing seams in synthetic turf installations. These tapes provide strong adhesion and durable bonds, ensuring seamless and long-lasting artificial grass surfaces. Grass seam tapes are designed to withstand outdoor conditions, UV radiation, and foot traffic, providing reliable bonding and stability for synthetic turf installations in sports fields, landscapes, and other applications.

Urea Formaldehyde (UF)

Veneer and laminate bonding

Urea formaldehyde resins are widely used for bonding wood composites, such as particleboard, plywood, or MDF (medium-density fiberboard). They offer excellent bonding strength, heat resistance, and durability. Urea formaldehyde adhesives contribute to the structural integrity and dimensional stability of wood composite products, ensuring reliable and long-lasting bonds in various woodworking and construction applications.

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